All About Training

Crate Training is a Kindness

All training starts with taking advantage of your dog’s natural inclinations to reinforce the behavior you want. The only place your dog will not, by nature, mess, is its sleeping place. Crate training works with your dog’s instinct – he never has the opportunity for failure.

Crate training is fairly intense for you. The rule is: if you are not actively paying attention to your dog, your dog is in the crate. Period. Even if you’re in the same room. If you’re not watching your puppy, it’s in the crate. If you think “caging” your dog is cruel, get over it. It’s worse for your dog not to know the rules of the house.

Crate training is not an excuse to ignore your dog for hours at a time. A puppy cannot go more than a couple of hours during the day without a “potty break.” If your dog learns to mess in its crate the behavior is very difficult to correct. It’s one of the biggest challenges when adopting strays or rescues from shelters. It can be done, but requires patience and dedication. If you bought your puppy from a breeder hopefully the job of crate training has already begun.

Dogs should be taken out at regular intervals; after meals, after naps and after play sessions.  And “potty” walks are not playtime. Put the collar and leash on, take the dog to a specific spot you want it to use for its toilet area, give your dog a command “go potty.” If it does, reward it with praise and cookies, say “good go potty.” Forget about public embarrassment. If you’re easily embarrassed, don’t get a dog. Of course you can use any words you want. “Potty”, “Go”, “Hurry” are just a few of commands I have heard from clients.

Your puppy should also sleep in the crate, ideally in your bedroom. Dogs are social animals and need to know their “pack” or family, is close by. If the dog wakes you in the night, take it out on leash. Give it 10 minutes to “do its business,” go back in, pop him in his crate, say goodnight and go back to bed. Don’t let the dog out by itself, even in a fenced yard. Again, this isn’t playtime.

As your dog learns what’s expected of him, the next phase is to keep the dog on leash, out of the cage. Tie the leash around a belt loop so that you can go about your daily routine with both hands free. Keep one eye on the dog. When you see his “gotta go” signals, drop what you’re doing and go. Some people are successful in hanging a bell on the doorknob. They ring the bell whenever they take the dog out. The dog learns, over time, to ring the bell when it has to go. Others teach their dogs to “speak” as a signal to go out.

Crating is another way to avoid new dogs and puppies from chewing on things that are not theirs such as furniture and anything that is “yours”.

My new dogs are always crated when I leave the house. I have special toys that they are only allowed to play with inside the crate. As they grow and understand boundaries and rules, I may not lock the crate doors but always leave a crate accessible for the dogs as a “safe” place to go where no one bothers them

Just a note of caution and safety: never leave a collar or harness on your dog in the crate. It can get caught and cause problems.

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  7. Crystal Says:
    January 14th, 2011 at 5:04 pm

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  8. Dawn Says:
    March 5th, 2011 at 1:57 pm

    I have a question. What do you do if the puppy is so young that he still won’t walk on the leash. We have been taking him out on the leash regularly for potty breaks, but he doesn’t want to walk. He will a little with some coaxing but the poor little guy seems scared.

  9. admin Says:
    March 17th, 2011 at 11:03 am

    Go find yourself a good trainer. If he has had his first two vaccinations, a class with other dogs would also give him the socialization he now needs.

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